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go-ipfs 0.4.4 has been released

go-ipfs 0.4.4 has been released today, including an important hotfix for a bug we discovered in how pinning works. If you had a large number of pins, new pins would overwrite existing pins. Apart from the hotfix, this release is equal to the previous release 0.4.3.

How pinning works

Pinning is a means of persisting data in your IPFS repo after adding or fetching it. It’ll prevent objects from getting removed by garbage collection or other methods of cleaning up the IPFS repo. There are three ways an object can be pinned:

  • Direct: Only this object is pinned. Its children aren’t pinned.
  • Recursive: This object and all its children are pinned. If the recursive pin is removed, the children aren’t pinned any longer either.
  • Indirect: This object is pinned because one of its parents is pinned. If the pins of all parents are removed, this object isn’t pinned any longer.

The ipfs add command adds a recursive pin for the added file by default. With --pin=false, it skips pinning. Similarly, the default pin type for ipfs pin add is recursive. With --recursive=false this changes to direct.

For more information on how pinning works, check out ipfs pin --help and ipfs add --help.

The bug

Direct and recursive pins are stored in separate so-called pinsets. Indirect pins aren’t stored, since they’re derived from recursive pins.

Once you had more than 8192 pins, recursive or direct, an issue with the recursive hash trie implementation caused hash table buckets to be overwritten, resulting in only 256 pins remaining in the pinset. After that, the bug wouldn’t be triggered again until the number of pins exceeded 8192 again. The 256 pins that remained would be random.

We fixed this by instead making sure that each item in a pinset be put into its own bucket, and by modulo’ing hash output from this process into the final key space. The details for this can be seen in this pull request. We added a stress test to make sure that this doesn’t happen in the future, and will redouble our efforts to make sure that our test suites are more robust to ensure that these kinds of problems do not happen in the future.

For now, don’t run ipfs repo gc on sensitive data that is not otherwise backed up, as IPFS is still not 1.0 and our development may still find problems.

@kyledrake of neocities.org pointed out this bug to us; thank you, Kyle!

Find out if you’re affected

If you think you have experienced this issue and have not run a garbage collection, you can still find the ‘lost’ pins. We have written a new tool called ‘ipfs-see-all’ that allows you to try and recover any old pins that are still in your local repo. The tool is available on our distributions page, or, if you prefer building from source, head over to the GitHub repo. Once you have the tool, invoke it as ipfs-see-all lost-pins and it will scan for and print out every pin object that is not actually pinned in your pinset. Note that this may contain anything you have manually unpinned.

How to upgrade

Depending on how you initially installed IPFS, there are several ways to upgrade. If you installed IPFS with a pre-built binary, you can head over to dist.ipfs.io and grab the latest version from there. Or alternatively, from the same page you can grab the ipfs-update binary, and use it to perform the upgrade for you. If you installed from source, you can simply run git checkout v0.4.4, then run make install.



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